A comparison of early versus late weaning for the production of slaughter steers in Florida

by Anke H. Van Dijk

Written in English
Cover of: A comparison of early versus late weaning for the production of slaughter steers in Florida | Anke H. Van Dijk
Published: Pages: 93 Downloads: 937
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  • Beef cattle,
  • Feeding and feeds

Edition Notes

Other titlesSteers in Florida.
Statementby Anke H. van Dijk
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 93 leaves :
Number of Pages93
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25923720M

The total cost of raising one animal from birth to slaughter at four years of age is estimated to be 85 CFAF (US$). The slaughter age of four years is used in calculating costs and returns in line with Decree No/, which forbids the slaughter of cattle less than four years of age.   Today, Dr. Grandin is a best-selling author, and her Animal Welfare Audit is the standard in the industry. Half of the cattle in the United States and Canada are now handled by equipment Grandin designed. Some of the nation’s largest beef servers and suppliers – McDonald’s, Wendy’s, Burger King, Cargill, Tyson – pass the points of her audit: at least 95 percent of animals stunned on. As a result, cows grazing "typical" south Florida flatwoods range year-round usually calve in alternate years, and the result is a 50% calf crop (Figure 2). Calf weaning weights from an all-range program are about – lb or about 10–12 lb/A annual live-weight . At early weaning, those cows were limit-fed 15 lb DM/day and their weaned calves 9 lb DM/day until weaning. Cow/calf pairs received 24 lb DM/day until normal weaning. Throughout the study the ration was % CP, % TDN (depending on year and location), containing various amounts of corn silage, distillers grains, cornstalks, wheat straw.

iii higher for CON than the remaining treatments (P early-weaned calves (P Early. Meat processing - Meat processing - Livestock slaughter procedures: The slaughter of livestock involves three distinct stages: preslaughter handling, stunning, and slaughtering. In the United States the humane treatment of animals during each of these stages is required by the Humane Slaughter Act. Preslaughter handling is a major concern to the livestock industry, especially the pork industry. Guidelines for Segregating Slaughter Cows According to Tissue Lean Percent Introduction: The official grades for mature slaughter cattle and for beef carcasses in maturity groups C, D, and E, and promulgated in the Official United States Standards for Grades of Slaughter Cattle and Beef Carcasses, do not reflect the current marketing of this Size: KB. Three hundred thirty () steers by seventeen Brangus sires, and thirty two Angus steers by 2 high marbling accuracy Angus carcass sired were used in this test. The nineteen sires were randomly bred to predominantly Brangus females. The cattle were managed alike, fed at Tri-State Feeders and harvested at Iowa Beef processors, Amarillo, Texas.

DEVELOP BEEF CATTLE BETTER SUITED FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION. Late winter, early spring, and late spring calving seasons will be evaluated for their effect on biologic and economic measures of rangeland beef production. Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., Heitschmidt, R.K. Post-weaning production of steers from varying calving and weaning. According to Dr. Stewart H. Fowler, Ph.D., the Texas Longhorn is the only cattle breed that has adapted to America's climate and terrain without aid from man. Longhorns are hardy creatures, recognized for their high fertility, easy calving, longevity and ability to thrive on the coarse grazing material of range. For most cattle raised for the purpose of being slaughtered in the first place (being steers and non-breeding or non-productive heifers), and that are raised on conventional feedlots, the average. carcasses from steers that had been fed for d on a high-energy-density diet. Moreover, meat tenderness can be improved by feeding aged cows concentrate for 60 d before slaughter (Miller etal., ). However, it is not known whether heiferette carcasses differ from those of concentrate-fed yearling beef in meat palata-bility.

A comparison of early versus late weaning for the production of slaughter steers in Florida by Anke H. Van Dijk Download PDF EPUB FB2

Van Dijk, A. A comparison of early vs. late weaning for the production of slaughter steers in Fl orida. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Florida, Dept.

of Animal Science. Table 1. Effect of calf weaning age on cow production and calf weaning weight for Brangus cows grazing organic soil pasture (Pate and Kunkle, ).File Size: 21KB. later weaning. Some cattlemen choose to winter calves with the cows and wean at about 10 months of age in late February through early April rather than during early winter’s harsh weather to reduce feed costs, lessen stress and decrease risk for disease.

Reducing input Jay and Krista Reiser, Washburn, N.D., save on winter feed costs byFile Size: KB. Slaughter protocol for steers Steers were allocated to slaughter at the Ruakura Experimental Abattoir at about 18 months of age.

There were three slaughter days for the steers born in and two slaughter days each year thereafter. Animals were randomised to day according to sire x breed of dam and date of birth. Table 2 shows the numbers of.

Ramifications of Weaning Spring- and Fall-Born Calves Early or Late Relative to Weaning at Conventional Ages 1. D.F. ParrettProduction systems comparing early weaning to normal weaning with or without creep feeding for beef steers. Anim. Sci., 77 Cited by: 9. slaughter. Steers from supplemented dams tended to gain more after placement in cows were weaned in early October or early December; and 2) during late.

Influence of weaning age, management, and slaughter age on export lamb carcass production and slipe wool weights K.

GEENTY Templeton Agricultural Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, P.O. Templeton, Canterbury, New Zealand A series of five experiments was conducted over a period of 4 years with lambs.

Care of the early-weaned calf is an important consideration with this management system, as most beef cattle producers are not experienced in managing to d-old calves.

Producers who adopt early calf weaning have at least two options: 1) market the calf immediately after early weaning; or 2) manage the calf on pasture or by: Jefferson County, Florida, is located in North Florida, bordered on the north by Georgia and the south by the Gulf of Mexico.

It encompasses approximately square miles of which about 40% is in commercial crop and livestock production (excluding timber). Calves born early in the calving season are heavier at weaning primarily because they are older. At weaning in25 Charbray x Hereford (crossbred) steers and 25 Hereford steers were selected at ran- dom, weighed, and removed to a com- mercial feedlot where they were fed in two groups to a desirable slaughter finish.

"Crossbred steers were heavier at weaning, gained more per day on feed, and returned higher hot carcass weights with. However, the Meyers et al. study reported data on early weaned steers that were heavier and much closer in age at slaughter to the normal weaned group relative to the steers in our study.

In comparison our early weaned steers were days old at harvest as compared to days in year 1 and days in year 2 of the Meyers et al. study. frame steers to slaughter. Efficiency of beef production includes the total growing and finishing period.

Often economics of production only con- siders a single pai-t of the production systems. As a consequence one seg- ment of the industiy may make deci- sions based on maximum profit while they own or manage an animal that. Don't wean too early. Jaeger emphasizes there is no optimum weaning age.

When it comes to early weaning, though, unless drought forces your hand, he would be reluctant to wean calves much younger than to days of age.

In his experience, calves younger than that have a hard time consuming enough feed to preserve all the benefits of early : Wes Ishmael. targeting weaned calf or store cattle production. Stock Gender Bulls tend to have higher growth rate potential than steers and heifers with greater lean tissue deposition.

Heifers, in contrast, tend to deposit more fat at a younger age than males, so they may need to be fed a growing ration for longer before finishing than steers or Size: KB.

Request PDF | Effects of Weaning Date and Prepartum Protein Supplementation on Cow Performance and Calf Growth | Two experiments evaluated effects of weaning date on cow body condition score (BCS. slaughter techniques in cattle on carcass and meat quality parameters.

The conventional slaughter was done using a pneumatic captive bolt gun to stun the animals before sticking, while Kosher slaughter was done by sticking the animals and then stunning them with a.

Slaughter steers, heifers, and cows 30 to 42 months of age possessing the minimum qualifications for Standard have a fat covering primarily over the back, loin, and ribs which tends to be very thin. Cattle under 30 months of age have a very thin covering of fat which is largely restricted to.

Thus, relevant production systems including appropriate feeding regimens and slaughter ages need to be suitable for both crossbred bulls and crossbred heifers to be adapted. Steers have lower growth rates compared with intact bulls (Andersen and Ingvartsen,Steen,Fisher et al., ).Cited by: 2.

Numerous alternatives exist for feeding and managing weaned medium-frame steers to slaughter. Efficiency of beef production includes the total growing and finishing period.

Often economics of production only considers a single part of the production systems. As a consequence one segment of the industry may make decisions based on maximum profit while they own or manage an animal that Cited by: 1.

production. Inmore thanranchers and cattle producers worked in the United States. Learning the types of beef cattle operations provides a greater appreciation for the workers who provide you with steaks and burgers.

Objectives: 1. Compare and contrast the components of cow-calf, backgrounding, and finishing operations. Size: KB. from late spring to early summer. Calves are old and large enough by spring and early summer to utilize grass pastures. Fall calves are typically heavier at weaning than spring calves, but the greater cost of feeding a lactating cow (the stage of production where.

Learn the advantage of raising your own beef for food. You don't need a ranch when raising your own beef for food. Just a little patch of grass and some fencing will do the trick just fine.

several steers. Those costs will be spread over seven years. To start, the steer eats “free choice” grass hay purchased from a.

neighbor for $/ton. The steer will consume roughly pounds of hay per day or 2 percent of his body weight. Grain is added to the diet three months before taking the steer to the. processor. The amount of File Size: KB. I read your story. it is interesting and very realistic.

I come from a farming background and we did raise hundreds of pigs. I am 65 and while reading ads on craigs list located and purchased 3 piglets @ $ each. that was it is now dec 20/ my pigs live in a hutch made of old skids $ the paddock is made of the same skids 12′ x 32″ (36′ x 24′.) portable cost $ Start studying Slaughter Process - Beef.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. early s.1 Initially, the strategy called for weaning pigs at 5–10 days of age and relying on medication.1,2 Later studies suggested that early weaning without medication could also reduce, but not eliminate, the impact of disease in pigs.

3 Since that time, systems using some form of early weaning and segregating pigs from the breedingCited by: “The worst of the disruptions occurred in late April and early May when we were running about 40% below last year, but significant improvements have been made since then.” For perspective, the week ending May 2 might be the ebb in packing capacity, when USDA estimated cattle slaughter athead, which was % less (, head.

Benefits and Challenges of Early Weaned Pigs Originally, medicated early weaning was developed to replace total repopulation of sow development of the medicated early weaning process (MEW) and spin-offs, such as modified medicated early weaning (MMEW) and segregated early weaning (SEW), was originally designed for disease elimination.

With weaning being the biggest stressor, we need to have no other stressors that day, or opportunistic bacteria will likely storm down the trachea and set up shop, ready to cause disease. Another health and welfare issue is selling bull calves.

Castration at the backgrounding lot is too late. Walk those spring-born calves through the chute now. a more normal/earlier weaning date for dams 3 years or younger at the time of calving ( days).

Late weaning had no detrimental effects on the performance of mature cows. When you are determining the efficiency of your ranch’s production, keep in mind that factors such as weaning File Size: KB.

Livestock and Seed Division United States Standards for Grades of Slaughter Cattle Effective date July 1, grading slaughter cattle in order to facilitate the production, marketing, and distribution of for grades of slaughter steers, heifers, and cows into a single standard, specified the minimum.graphically described in his book.

As a result of the public outcry, the United States Government enacted the Federal Meat Inspection Act in The Act placed federal inspectors within slaughterhouses for the first time. In the early s, local butchers slaughtered and cut meat that consumers used locally.Mark Ramsey W Farm Road Republic, MO M-F 8am – 4pm Nights & Weekends